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This collection of frequently asked questions (FAQ) provides brief answers to many common questions about cosmetic preservation.

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Where can I find the permitted use concentration of preservatives?

The maximum permitted concentration can be find in Annex V (List of preservatives allowed in cosmetic products) of:
Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European parliament and the council of Europe of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products

Where can I find the CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, USA) assessments of cosmetic ingredients?
Where can I find the "New Cosmetic Products Regulation (REGULATION (EC) No 1223/2009)"?
Are there "Guidelines for the interpretation of the Cosmetics Directive"?
Are there "Guidelines on Cosmetic Product Labelling"?
Are there "Guidelines on Product Information File (PIF) "?
Is there an European Commission database with information on cosmetic ingredients?
Is there a reference book about approved preservatives?

Approved  Preservatives for CosmeticsYR

Book details
Language: English
ISBN: 9783844291926
Format: DIN A5 portrait
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 112

The book can be purchased directly from the publisher

1. Current EU legal framework
1.1 Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 on cosmetic products
1.2 Definition of a preservative in the Cosmetics Regulation
1.3 Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS)
1.4 Cosmetic ingredients database - CosIng
2. Legal situation in other countries
2.1 USA
2.2 Japan
2.3 ASEAN states and China
2.4 Other countries
3. Active ingredient data
3.1 Organic acids
3.1.1 Benzoic acid and its sodium salt
3.1.2 Other salts of benzoic acid and esters of benzoic acid
3.1.3 Propionic acid and its salts
3.1.4 Salicylic acid and its salts
3.1.5 Sorbic acid and its salts
3.1.6 Dehydroacetic acid and its salts
3.1.7 Formic acid and its sodium salt
3.1.8 Undec-10-enoic acid and its salts
3.2 Formaldehyde and formaldehyde donors
3.2.1 Formaldehyde and paraformaldehyde
3.2.2 Imidazolidinyl urea
3.2.3 Methenamine 3-chloroallylochloride (Quaternium-15)
3.2.4 DMDM hydantoin
3.2.5 Methenamine
3.2.6 Hexetidine
3.2.7 4,4-Dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine
3.2.8 Diazolidinyl urea
3.2.9 7- Ethylbicyclooxazolidine
3.2.10 Sodium hydroxymethylaminoacetate
3.2.11 Benzylhemiformal
3.3 Phenolics
3.3.1 Biphenyl-2-ol and its salts
3.3.2 Chlorocresol
3.3.3 Triclosan
3.3.4 Chloroxylenol
3.3.5 2,2'-methylenebis(6-bromo-4-chlorophenol) (Bromochlorophen)
3.3.6 4-Isopropyl-m-cresol (o-Cymen-5-ol)
3.3.7 Chlorophen
3.4 Inorganic sulphites and hydrogensulphites
3.5 Alcohols
3.5.1 2-Phenoxyethanol
3.5.2 Benzyl alcohol
3.5.3 Phenoxyisopropanol
3.5.4 Chlorobutanol
3.5.5 2,4-Dichloro benzylalcohol
3.5.6 Chlorphenesin
3.6 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid and its salts and esters (parabens)
3.6.1 Overview of the main characteristics of parabens
3.6.2 Methylparaben
3.6.3 Ethylparaben
3.6.4 Propylparaben
3.6.5 Butylparaben
3.6.6 Isobutylparaben
3.6.7 Isopropylparaben
3.6.8 Other 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and its salts and esters
3.7 Organobromine compounds
3.7.1 Bronopol
3.7.2 5-Bromo-5-nitro-1,3-dioxane
3.8 3-Iodo-2-propinylbutylcarbamate
3.9 Cationic compounds
3.9.1 Polyaminopropyl biguanide
3.9.2 Chlorhexidine
3.9.3 Alkyl(C12-22)trimethyl ammonium bromide and chloride
3.9.4 Benzethonium chloride
3.9.5 Benzalkoniumchloride, -bromide and -saccharinate
3.9.6 Ethyl-Ν-α-dodecanoyl-L-argininhydrochloride
3.10 Amids
3.10.1 Triclocarban
3.10.2 2-Chloracetamide
3.11 Amidines
3.11.1 Hexamidines
3.11.2 Dibromhexamidin isethionat
3.12 Isothiazolinones
3.12.1 Mixture of 5-chloro-2-methyl-3(2Η)-isothiazolone and 2-methyl-3(2H)-isothiazolone (3:1)
3.12.2 2-Methyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one
3.13 Glutaraldehyde
3.14 Climbazole
3.15 Pyridin N-oxides
3.15.1 Pyrithione zinc
3.15.2 1-Hydroxy-4-methyl-6-(2,4,4-trimethyl-pentyl)-2-pyridon
3.16 Mercury compounds
3.16.1 Thiomersal
3.16.2 Phenylmercuric salts
3.17 Silver chloride
4. The need to combine preservatives
5. References
6. Index (INCI Names)